You wake up every day in the morning, splash some water on your face and start getting ready for work. You prepare the coffee, brush your teeth, take a bath, put on your shoes and clothes and then leave for work. This cycle continues every day. But then, one day, you notice something weird and scary. You get out of bed to begin your day, but just as you were brushing, you feel an inflammation covering your gums. As you spit out the toothpaste froth, you see some red mixed with the white. But your toothpaste was white and you didn’t get hurt the last night either. Then what could this be? The answer is bleeding gums. Yes, your gums are bleeding and that’s because they’re inflamed.
Bleeding gums are a sign of poor oral health and a symptom of advanced stage gum diseases. If there would not have been any major issue with your gums, they would not bleed. Bleeding gums are a sign that your gums have had extensive inflammation and damage from bacteria.
Gum diseases are not to be taken lightly. Gums are the most important part of your mouth and, without them, you’ll have no teeth.
Stages of Gum Diseases
It’s not that people with poor oral hygiene or those who use tobacco and alcohol are the only ones who are going to suffer from gum diseases. Gum diseases can also occur genetically. If your parents or grandparents have suffered through an advanced stage of gum disease, you would be more susceptible to gum diseases. But you don’t need to think that nature has planned your murder. It is still possible to prevent gum diseases or treat them before they take a fatal form.
There are two main stages of gum diseases that come about due to poor oral hygiene and some bad habits like smoking or substantial alcohol usage.
Gingivitis is a slow progressing and mellow form of gum disease. It is caused by the neglect of oral hygiene and bad eating habits. Incomplete brushing of the teeth, lack of flossing, and eating a lot of junk food are the main reasons for gingivitis. Gums get inflamed in case of gingivitis and can also bleed in further stages. Gingivitis or gum inflammation occurs when the plaque accumulated on our teeth and gums are not removed regularly. The plaque than gets a grip on the gums and starts infecting them. The gums get irritated and inflamed by this and appear red and swollen. Gingivitis can be reversed or treated but the advanced stage of this gum disease is not that forgiving.
Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum diseases. It is so vicious that reversing of symptoms is out of the options. Canada ranks no. 6th in severe periodontal gum disease on the world prevalence chart. Periodontal diseases or periodontitis is caused by the neglect most people show towards proper oral health. Periodontitis affects more than just the gums. It begins when the bacteria and plaque gets access to the parts below the gums. When plaque accumulation is left untreated, it causes gingivitis. When the resultant inflammation and redness are neglected, it loosens the gums and the bacteria then get to the more vulnerable parts under the gums. Periodontitis can cause painful infections in the gums and the teeth which are hard to reach and need a dental visit. It can also be fatal if not taken care of.
Symptoms of Gum Diseases and How to Tackle Them
Gum diseases have a notoriety for hiding the first signs and symptoms. The symptoms of gum diseases are hard to diagnose in their early stages, especially if you drink alcohol or smoke tobacco. The symptoms show up when the disease has already reached later stages, after which it is even harder to get rid of. Once gingivitis has progressed to periodontitis, your oral health goes further downhill. But all the distress can be prevented by keeping an eye on your oral health by visiting a dentist every six months.
Red or Swollen Gums
Red or swollen gums are a sign of gingivitis. Notice the condition of your gums by lifting your lips. If the problem has grown, your gums might appear swollen and red. If not looked after, this problem can extend to bleeding gums while brushing or biting into crunchy food like apples and carrots. If you notice redness even along the line where the gums end the teeth begin, it means your gums and teeth need a proper cleanup from a dental hygienist. The dental hygienist will do a procedure called scaling on your teeth to remove tartar and plaque from beneath the gum surface.
The oral cavity supports millions of bacteria as it is warm and wet. Some bacteria are not harmful and remove the leftover residue of food to eliminate smelly breath. But the bacteria that are responsible for the inflammation of gums are the ones that feed on leftover food material and produce toxins that harm the teeth and leave a bad taste and smell in the mouth. Bad breath is a sign of gingival infection. Regular brushing and flossing can help prevent the accumulation of bacteria between your teeth. You can also use a fluoride mouthwash that rinses your mouth and removes any odor-causing bacteria. Consult the dentist for mouthwashes and we will prescribe you with the best mouthwash according to the severity of your oral health problems.
If you notice that your teeth have grown in size, it is possibly an advanced stage of gum disease. Remember that teeth stop growing after the teenage years so if your teeth look longer than before, it’s not your teeth growing but your gum line receding. When bacteria have caused a lot of damage to the gingival tissues and the gums have receded beyond the limit, the gums start to rip off from the teeth. This allows a way to the root and the bone for the bacteria. If you notice this symptom, consult a dentist immediately. According to the severity of your symptoms, our dentist will suggest proper treatment. Gum graft surgery can be taken under consideration if the gums have receded below the root. Tissues from other parts of the mouth are removed and grafted to the needed areas of the gums to protect the internal parts.
Sensitive and Loose Teeth
Do you experience a sharp pang in your teeth whenever you eat or drink something cold or too hot? It’s sensitivity and is caused by the deterioration of the enamel. When bacteria attack the teeth, the first thing that gets affected is the enamel. Deterioration of the enamel leads to weaker teeth and can gradually harm the root of the teeth. When you neglect the damages done by plaque, it reaches the bone to which the teeth are attached firmly and deteriorates it too, causing the teeth to become loose and wiggly. If you experience problems like this, always visit the dentist. We will get you proper medications like antiseptic microspheres that you can put between your teeth. The antiseptic they release prevent bacterial infections and reverse gum recession and gum abscess.
If you take good care of your oral health, it will prevent your overall health from deteriorating. This is especially true for gum diseases that can lead to internal diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. If you notice any symptoms of gum diseases, contact us at 67th Street Dental in Red Deer without losing time and prevent any further damages to your gums and teeth.