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Understanding Wisdom Teeth and Why They Need Extraction

Wisdom Teeth

Humans don’t stop growing their teeth until they’re around 25 years old. The last of the teeth to grow are the wisdom teeth, which are also known as the third molars. More often than not, they cause pain and impaction when they grow, necessitating removal by a dentist. The worst part is, this annoying extra set does not even serve a proper function in the mouth, as humans can chew normally without them. 

To that end, we have created this article to help you understand your wisdom teeth and why they might need removal. If you’re late teens or early twenties, read on. You may need this procedure quite soon!

The Symptoms of Wisdom Tooth Growth

Not everyone will end up growing wisdom teeth, but for those that will, they are likely to experience the following things:

  • The teeth may cause impaction in the teeth if your jaw is too small to accommodate them.
  • The teeth might be unable to break through the gum, which means a tooth extraction is in order.
  • The wisdom teeth might break through the gums incorrectly, causing a flap to form that can collect germs and bacteria.
  • The impaction might lead to an infection.
  • The impaction might damage the other teeth.
  • Cysts might appear in the mouth as an effect. 

The Benefits of Wisdom Tooth Removal

Wisdom tooth removal is a minor surgical procedure performed by an oral surgeon. It is done to prevent overcrowding of the teeth in the back of the mouth, impaction, and gum disease caused by tooth decay. 

It is not uncommon for the procedure to be performed at a local hospital instead of the dentist’s clinic, as surgery needs sophisticated equipment. A local anesthetic will be administered to numb the area. If more than one tooth needs to be removed, a general anesthetic might be necessary, meaning you might have to be asleep for the procedure.

The dentist will open the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering it. The tissue connecting the tooth to the bone will be separated, which leaves the tooth free for removal. You will likely get stitches as a result, which may dissolve over time or might have to be removed a few days after the procedure. 

How Do I Recover from a Wisdom Tooth Extraction?

The recovery phase is expected to last one to two weeks. Your oral surgeon will prescribe some painkillers to relieve the pain. Some of the tips they might give you to help you through the recovery process are:

  • Changing the gauze inside your mouth regularly
  • Placing an ice pack on your cheeks for 15 minutes every few days
  • Avoiding biting the inside of your tongue or mouth
  • Avoiding lying flat on the bed
  • Sleeping with at least one pillow
  • Avoiding strenuous activity
  • Eating only soft foods and thin soup
  • Avoiding straws
  • Avoiding grainy food.

Your oral surgeon might have one or two recommendations more, and it is best to listen to and comply with their instructions and expertise. Doing so will ensure the recovery process goes smoothly and you can live life pain-free.

Final Thoughts

The growing of wisdom teeth and the succeeding wisdom tooth removal can be terrifying for anyone who thinks they might be experiencing it. In reality, it is a routine procedure that is fairly easy for oral surgeons. Although you might need to recover for one or two weeks, you could return to normal life in no time. 

If you’re looking for a clinic that does wisdom tooth extraction in Red Deer, AB, send us at 67th Street Dental a message. All of our treatments and services are provided in a comfortable, spa-like clinic, designed according to the highest quality standards.



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