The human dental arch sheds the teeth once during the childhood years. It tends to do it twice if appropriate care is lacking from the daily routine. It is quite often the general tendency of teeth to fall off because of ageing. Losing a tooth can also be a cause of trauma to the mouth due to which the tooth either breaks off its root or gets uprooted from the jaw. Even though the root remains in the jaw, there is no way that it will support a different crown than of its own DNA signature. Since the lack of even a single tooth can be the reason for an uncomfortable bite or problems in eating and even infection of the jaw-bone and gums. To eliminate such risk factors there has to be a replacement of the root that complies with the jaw-bone and provides a base for a new tooth. This is where dental implants come in.
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are small screw-shaped metal posts that were invented by Per-Ingvar Branemark, a Swedish orthopedic surgeon, to act as the natural tooth root. Dental implants are generally constructed of alloys of titanium mixed with other metals like zirconium. The alloy of titanium is used to initiate the process of osseointegration in the jaw bone, where the jaw bone fuses to the implant and grows around it. This provides a firm base for the artificial tooth. The history of dental implantation goes back to Egypt and China where the root was replaced with treated wood or bamboo shoots. Over time the development of new metals and alloy tech, dental implants have reached a success rate of 98% in holding artificial tooth and bridges. Dental implants are devices capable of replacing whole sets of teeth with complex surgical procedures planned according to the condition of your jaw and all-over health.
What are the Applications of Dental Implants?
Dental implants, as stated earlier, are capable of replacing a single tooth, a bridge of teeth or the whole dental arch. Other options of tooth replacement, like removable dentures, have the discomfort of having removable appliances in your mouth. Another option of cemented bridgework can replace the missing teeth in a row but the cement dissolving slowly overtime and the tension on the adjacent teeth for support makes it a disadvantage on the other teeth.
Dental Implants replace the teeth as a permanent solution without the risks of affecting the gumline, the adjacent teeth, or the jaw bone. Dental implants are infused into the jaw and provide the same feel of the root and tooth under the gum line. With multiple miniature implants, the jaw bone can hold a bridge of teeth in place without even touching the adjacent teeth or root. A similar thing happens when the implants are used to hold the whole dental arch to the jaw bone as a unit. The implant and the bridge stay beneath the jawline and make it feel and look like natural teeth.
Though implantation benefits your teeth splendidly and makes them look natural, there are factors which the dentist must check to make sure that you’re a perfect candidate for dental implants, and they include;
- Location of missing teeth
- Quantity and density of the jaw bone in which to place the implant
- Health conditions like diabetes or blood pressure problems
If your medical conditions and the jaw bone support the surgical procedure of implantation, you get a replacement that looks like the original.
What are the Types of Dental Implants?
Two kinds of dental implantations have been in use – endosteal and subperiosteal. Endosteal implants are those that are placed in the bone under the gum line, while subperiosteal implants are those that rest on the jaw bone beneath the gums. Subperiosteal implants have been out of practice as the placement would not show the efficiency of longevity in treatment. Seeing the hold and stability of the dental implant, it can be used in other dentistry procedures and appliances such as holding a denture. Miniature implants can be used to provide anchorage for different orthodontic procedures. Some people who might have lost all their teeth due to trauma or gum diseases can benefit from dental implants by using it to hold a whole dental arch in place for you by using just four implant postings. This is the best alternative anyone can have over the removable denture option as the whole tooth arch stays under your gums making them naturally stable.
What is the Procedure for Dental Implants?
The dental implant procedure is completed in stages that are distributed over a few weeks to months as there is also a lot of healing process before moving on to further stages. So the time may depend on your healing capacity.
Before the procedure is started, the dentist will examine the condition of your oral cavity and jaws. A series of X-rays and scans are necessary to check the condition of the jaw bone or if extraction for leftover tooth root is required. The dentist might require your medical history about any special conditions or diabetic problems. This required due to the surgical procedures and anesthesia use.
Before fixing the implant into the tooth, there might be a requirement for tooth extraction if you still have part of a tooth hanging to the jaw bone. If the jaw bone under the root is not strong enough to hold an implant, then a procedure called bone grafting is involved to set a synthetic bone for the implant to hold on.
After the grafted bone has healed, the implantation procedure is the next stage. Anesthesia is used to numb the pain. The implant or metal post is then screwed into the jaw-bone and left to heal until it achieves the first stages of osseointegration. A new tooth crown or denture can be then fixed upon the implant. The gums are sealed back in place to remove the implants and abutments out of sight.
Dental implant procedures require great care and healing. Consult the nearest dentists in Red Deer to get checked for dental implant eligibility and get back the shining smile with a firm bite.